Robert Alexander Anderson (1894 – 1995) was an American composer who wrote many popular Hawaiian songs within the Hapa haole genre including the Christmas songs Lovely Hula Hands (1940) and Mele Kalikimaka (1949).
He was born in Honolulu, Hawaii. He attended Punahou School and graduated from Cornell University in 1916, where he was a member of the Cornell University Glee Club. Despite lacking formal training as a composer, he wrote many songs as a student there, including When Twilight Falls on Blue Cayuga. In 1927, he wrote his first hit song, Haole Hula. Another well-known song of his was Punahou (1966).